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India plans to build fastest supercomputer by 2017-end

Written By Sambasivarao on Monday, September 24, 2012 | Monday, September 24, 2012

India's Fastest Super Computer Plans

The telecom ministry has drawn up an ambitious blueprint to build a supercomputer by 2017, which will be at least 61 times faster than any machine available on Monday.

Telecom and information technology minister Kapil Sibal has written to PM Manmohan Singh about the project, which is estimated to cost Rs. 4,700 crore over the next five years.

But in order to succeed, the scientists behind the project will need to defy predictions of experts across the world that the computing speeds Sibal has promised are impossible any time in the near future.
Referring to the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) which built India's first supercomputer, the PARAM 8000 in 1991. A petaflop is a measure of computing speed and an exaflop is 1,000 petaflops.
At present, the world's fastest supercomputer, IBM's Sequoia, has a top computing speed of 16.32 petaflops. India's fastest supercomputer, the Cluster Platform 3000, ranks 58 among the world's fastest machines, and has a top speed of 0.3 petaflops, so the proposed machine — if successful — would be 3000 times faster.
A review commissioned by the US department of defense concluded that exaflop computing speeds were theoretically impossible anytime in the current decade. 

Year  Supercomputer     Peak speed(Rmax)    Location
2008  IBM Roadrunner  1.026 PFLOPS         New Mexico, USA
2009  Cray Jaguar         1.759 PFLOPS        Oak Ridge, USA
2010  Tianhe-IA            2.566 PFLOPS        Tianjin, China
2011  Fujitsu K computer 10.51 PFLOPS       Kobe, Japan
2012  IBM Sequoia        16.32 PFLOPS        Livermore, USA

Decade Uses and computer involved

1970s Weather forecasting, aerodynamic research (Cray-1).
1980s Probabilistic analysis,[73] radiation shielding modeling (CDC Cyber).
1990s Brute force code breaking (EFF DES cracker),
3D nuclear test simulations as a substitute for legal conduct Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (ASCI Q).
2010s Molecular Dynamics Simulation (Tianhe-1A)

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